What Crops Did They Grow in Pompeii?

Pompeii was known for their rich and flourishing lifestyle, home to some of the best-trading markets in the country. This was due to their close range to the coast, making it easy for ships to arrive to sell, purchase, or exchange goods. But more importantly, it was due to the city’s fruitfulness in produce, home to a rich and thriving land overflowing with a range of crops.

Why was the land fertile?

Their prosperity came from the land’s fertility, all due to the neighbouring Mount Vesuvius volcano. Although the volcano was the cause of the city’s destructive demise, beforehand it was the reason for Pompeii’s success. With the volcanic ash that spread throughout the land creating a rich soil with nutrients that promoted plant growth. These included nutrients like zinc, chlorine, iron, cobalt, nitrogen, boron, and many other properties. These products all lead to Pompeii’s productive farming, agriculture and population growth.

The Crops

The crops produced in Pompeii was used for food, drink, and textiles, with a range of different plants used throughout the city. Pompeii’s drier hillsides of Pompeii were home to fruit, nut, and grain crops. Each plant had a different purpose, with fruits being used fresh, dried for sweet treats, or juices extracted for wine. They used olives and other similar products to create thick oils, with wheat and barley grains used to produce bread.

The Wild Animals

Due to the land’s rich plant life, the area was not just a wonderland for the ancient humans but had swarms of both wild and owned animals frolicking around. The coastal shore was brimming with marine life, with fish and crustaceans up for grabs. Smaller game roamed the hilltops and grassland, such as a wild rabbit. With even larger animals such as wild boars and goats.

What did the people exchange their produce for?

As Pompeii was overflowing with a harvest, with grains, fruits, nuts, lentils, fish, and chicken eggs coming out of their ears. Although poor citizens usually stuck to this diet, richer residents were able to engage a lot of their share for foreign products. Purchasing expensive meat and salted fish from Spain, and a range of spices from other countries. The more your diet varied, the richer you seemed, with citizens showing off their wealth by presenting the most exotic meats and sweets they could purchase. Eating foreign seafood, exotic flamingos, and even giraffe meat up for grabs.

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